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PCMCIA Communication   RS-232 Serial Ports    RS-422  Serial Ports    RS-485 Serial Ports     Current Loop Serial Ports    Serial/Parallel Ports   Synchronous    Intelligent Multiport Serial    Micro Channel Boards   Multi-I/O Adapters   USB to Serial Other  USB to PCMCIA  USB faq   RS-232 faq


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Ethernet to Serial Device Servers

 SSE-100D 1 Port RS-232 Device Server  
 SSE-400D 1 Port RS-232/422/485 Serial Device Server  
 SSE-410D 1 port RS-232/422/485 Serial Device Server (DB9)  OBSOLETE
2 port RS-232 Serial Device Server (DSE-100D - DB9)
 DSE-400D 2 port RS-232/422/485 Serial Device Server  
 DSE-410D 2 port RS-232/422/485 Serial Device Server (DB9) OBSOLETE
4 port RS-232 Serial Device Server (QSE-100D - DB9)
(QSE-100M - RJ45)

8 port RS-232 Serial Device Server (ESE-100D - DB9)
(ESE-100M - RJ45)


What is a serial device server

Wireless Serial Device Servers

SSEW-100D 1 port RS-232 Wireless Device Server SSEW-100D

DSEW-100D 1 Port RS-232 Wireless Device Server DSEW-100D

SSEW-400D 1 Port RS-232/422/485 Wireless Device Server SSEW-400D

DSEW-400D 2 Port RS-232/422/485 Wireless Device Server DSEW-400D


MEI Device Servers

RS-232/422/485 MEI Device Servers for remote access and control


EMB Servers

RS-232 or RS-422/485 Embedded USB Serial Adapters

USB Extender

ETR-USB2 USB Extender over CAT 5

PCMCIA Communication

SSP-100 Single Channel RS-232  SSP-100

DSP-100 Dual Channel RS-232  DSP-100
SSP-200/300 Single Channel RS-422 or RS-485  SSP-200/300
DSP-200/300 Dual Channel RS-422 or RS-485  DSP-200/300
DSP-225 Obsolete  
SPP-100 EPP Parallel Port  SPP-100
MPAP-100 Multi-protocol Adapter - OBSOLETE NO LONGER AVAILABLE  MPAP-100
MPAP-200/300 Single Channel RS-422/RS-485 Multi Protocol  MPAP-200/300
QSP-100 4 port RS-232 serial PCMCIA Card  QSP-100
DSP-200/300 2 port RS-422/485 serial PCMCIA card  DSP-200/300
QSP-200/300 4 port RS-422/485 serial PCMCIA Card  QSP-200/300

Express Cards

SPPXP-100 Single Channel RS-232 Expresscard  SPPXP-100



SSPR-100 1 port RS-232 serial PCMCIA card with attached cable SSPR-100

DSPR-100 2 port RS-232 serial PCMCIA card with attached cable DSPR-100



MPAPR-100 1 port RS-232 synchronous serial PCMCIA card with attached cable MPAPR-100


Compact Flash

Call     1-877-902-2979     for Pricing and Availability
SSCF-100 1 port RS-232 serial CF card with detachable cable
DSCF-100 2 port RS-232 serial CF card with detachable cable
SSCF-200/300 1 port RS-422/485 serial CF card with detachable cable


(Linux support is available from https://pcmcia-cs.sourceforge.net/)

USB to Serial Converters (USB 2.0)




SSU2-100 1 Port USB to RS-232 Serial Adapter SSU2-100
DSU2-100 2 Port USB to RS-232 Serial Adapter DSU2-100
QSU2-100 4 port USB to RS-232 serial adapter QSU2-100
ESU2-100 8 port USB to RS-232 serial adapter ESU2-100
DSU2-400 2 port USB to RS-232/422/485 serial adapter DSU2-400
QSU2-400 4 port USB to RS-232/422/485 serial adapter QSU2-400
ESU2-400 8 port USB to RS-232/422/485 serial adapter ESU2-400



USB to Serial Converters (USB 1.1)

SSU-100 1 port USB to RS-232 serial adapter
   (Replaced by SSU2-100)
HSU-100 16 port USB to RS-232 serial adapter HSU-100
QSU-200/300 4 port USB to RS-422/485 serial adapter QSU-200/300
ESU-200/300 8 port USB to RS-422/485 serial adapter ESU-200/300
HSU-200/300 16 port USB to RS-422/485 serial adapter HSU-200/300
SSU-100-EMB Embedded USB Adapters SSU-100-EMB
faq Frequently Asked Questions  

RS-232 Serial Ports

PCI Serial RS232 Cards
  PCI Boards  
DSC-100 2 Port RS-232 PCI Board DSC-100
QSC-100 4 Port RS-232 PCI Board QSC-100
ESC-100 8 Port RS-232 Serial  PCI  ESC-100D
  Synchronous PCI Boards  
MPAC-100 1 Port RS-232 Synchronous PCI MPAC-100
  PCI Boards - Low Profile  
DSCLP-100 2 Port RS-232 DSCLP-100
SSCLP-100 1 Port RS-232 SSCLP-100
QSCLP-100 4 Port RS-232 QSCLP-100
SSCLP-200/300 1 Port RS-422/485 SSCLP-200/300
DSCLP-200/300 2 Port RS-422/485 DSCLP-200/300
QSCLP-200/300 4 Port RS-422/485 QSCLP-200/300
ESCLP-100 8 port RS-232 Low Profile UPCI board ESCLP-100
QSC-100-D9 4 port RS-232 PCI board with DB-9 cable QSC-100-D9
ESC-100D/D9 8 port RS-232 PCI board with DB-25 / DB-9 cable ESC-100D/D9
ESC-100M 8 port RS-232 PCI board with RJ-11 ports ESC-100M

RS-485 Serial Ports   

DSC-200S/300S Two Channel RS-422/485 Serial PCI Adapter

Adapter USB to PCMCIA

PCD-X/U142  - OBSOLETE Adapter to allow USB to PCMCIA Connection

Converter Express Card to PCMCIA

PCD-X/XC34 Express Card to PCMCIA Converter


In data communication, streams of digital data are transferred between sources and destinations. If the data transfer occurs one bit at a time across a common signal path, the communication is called serial communication. Other signals may accompany the data signal for timing and handshaking. Among the common serial communication data signal electrical protocols are RS-232, RS-422, RS-485, and current loop.

In parallel communication, more than one bit at a time is transferred over separate signal paths to the common destination. Most commonly, eight bits of data are transferred at a time. Common parallel communication protocols include Centronics, PS/2 type bi-directional, EPP, and ECP.


In asynchronous transmission, the source and destination each operate on their own independent clocks. The clocks are used with serial communication to time when each bit in a stream is transferred. Because two separate clocks may vary slightly, the streams of data are short bursts, usually a single character, to eliminate the drift that may occur over time. Just as if you were to compare a clock that runs slow to a perfect clock. Over a few minutes there would be no noticeable difference; however, if you compare them after a week or more, they are obviously out of synchronization. Each character is preceded by a start signal and terminated by one or more stop signals for use by the receiver for synchronization purposes.

For synchronous communication, the source and destination clocks are synchronized to allow for continuous blocks of data to be transferred for improved efficiency. Common protocols that define synchronous communication are HDLC, SDLC, BISYNC and X.25. These protocols may define factors such as error detection, flow control and data format.


RS-232 is the most common type of serial interface used today. RS-232C defines both the signal to be compared to ground to determine the logical state or simply a single signal that can be positive or negative in respect to ground.
  • Maximum recommended range of 50 feet (15.2 meters)
  • Maximum recommended baud rate of 20Kb/s, frequently exceeded in practice
  • Defines a standard pin out for D-25 connector and for D-9 connectors.

RS-232 Communications faq.

What is the maximum length of cable that can be used in RS-232 communication?

What are some limits of RS-232 communications?

Q: What is the maximum length of cable that can be used in RS-232 communication?

A: The maximum cable length per RS-232 specification is 50 feet. There is a ground capacitance between the signal wire and SIGNAL GROUND. The specification for RS-232 states that capacitance seen by a driver circuit shall not exceed 2500 pF. The capacitance increases with cable length, and 2500 pF corresponds to approximately 50 feet of cable. In practice using lower baud rates, RS-232 can operate reliably on cables longer than 50 feet.

Q: What are some limitations for RS-232 communication?

A: There are three big factors that limit the application of RS-232 communication. One of which, distance, was described in the previous question's answer. The other factors are described as follows: DATA RATE- Data rate limitations are directly related to cable capacitance. RS-232 specifies a fairly high input impedance for the receiver circuit (the impedance is between 3000 ohms and 7000 ohms). This impedance limits the rate at which cable capacitance can be charged and discharged. This leads to a rounding or distortion of the signal edges. At high data rates, this distortion becomes a large part of the signal. RS-232 specification states that the highest data rate without error allowable is 20,000 bits per second.

NOISE- Noise can distort and change the value of a binary signal on a cable. Two sources of noise are :

INTERNAL- If SIGNAL GROUND is not a perfect conductor (0 ohms), the resulting current causes a voltage drop in the SIGNAL GROUND wire which is seen by the receivers for all wires.

EXTERNAL- Signals picked up by fluorescent lights, motors, radio transmitters.

Both of these types of noise are further exaggerated by long cables, which make better "antennas" to unwanted noise on the RS-232 line. External noise can be reduced by using shielded cables, and the wire gauges that used in typical RS-232 cables are usually heavy enough to make voltage drops in the RS-232 SIGNAL GROUND insignificant.

RS-422 defines its signal characteristics as a differential pair with no standard connectors or pin-out defined. The differential pair is one signal transmitted across two separate wires in opposite states; one inverted and one not inverted. The difference in voltage between the two lines is compared by the receiver to determine the logical state of the signal. The idea behind this is if noise is injected on the wires, both lines will be effected equally thus not effecting the difference between the two. Twisted pair type wire is recommended to best keep influences equal on the two lines. RS-422 is normally used in a "4-wire" full duplex mode for point to point communication, but can handle up to 10 receivers per transmitter.
  • Maximum recommended range of 4,000 feet.
  • Maximum recommended baud rate of 10M b/s
  • Well suited for noisy environments; differential signal provides common-mode noise rejection.
  • Receiver input sensitivity of /- 200mV.
  • One transmitter can drive up to ten receivers.
  • 100 ohm termination placed at receiver furthest from the transmitter.
RS-485 is an upgraded version of RS-422 with the added capability to allow up to 32 devices (transmitters and receivers) to share the same connection (multidrop or "2 wire" mode). This is achieved by use of tristateable drivers usually controlled by a programmable handshake line to ensure only one driver is active at a time. This control must be taken into consideration by the software.
  • Maximum recommended range of 4,000 feet
  • Maximum recommended baud rate of 10M b/s
  • Support full duplex "4-wire" or half duplex "2-wire" communication
  • 120 ohms termination placed at two furthest points of communication link for 60 ohm parallel termination.
Current loop is a type of serial communication used primarily in industrial applications for its high immunity to noise. It is now mostly obsolete because of its slow speeds and the better performances of RS-422 and RS-485. If you find yourself with the need to interface with current loop equipment, Quatech's DCL-624 or DS-225 for ISA, or the SCL-6100 for Micro channel will accommodate your needs.


The first PC-compatible parallel printer ports were unidirectional, allowing 8-bit data transfer only from the host to the peripheral. These early Standard Printer Ports (SPP) implemented eight data lines and used nine handshaking lines, four output from the host and five input to the host. Later came the PS/2 type bi-directional parallel port; this bi-directional port simply added the capability to read 8-bit data from the peripheral to the host. Both the SPP type port and the bi-directional port implemented three registers for the control and monitoring of the data and handshaking lines; these are the data port, status port, and control port. The SPP type parallel ports are most commonly used for printers, plotters, keys, etc.

Two new types of parallel ports with extended features are now available: the Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) and the Extended Capabilities Port (ECP). Both EPP and ECP ports may be operated in the SPP and bi-directional modes; however, in their feature modes requires both compatible peripherals and appropriate software drivers. EPP and ECP are standards defined by IEEE 1284 and Microsoft Extended Capabilities Port Specifications.

An EPP parallel port implements two registers in addition to the standard data, status, and control ports. An EPP data port and an EPP address port all EPP data transfers. Tri-state able outputs allow the EPP port to be used as a data bus for multiple EPP compatible devices. On a read from or write to any EPP port, automatic handshaking is performed and the host bus cycle is extended until the transfer is complete. A watchdog timer prevents any system lockup which may occur in a failed transfer cycle. Normally an indirect addressing location in the peripheral and a subsequent read or write of the EPP data port transferring data to the specified address.

An ECP parallel port features two modes which can greatly enhance data transfer rates. In the Parallel Port Data FIFO Mode, data written or DMAed to a 16-byte FIFO is automatically transferred to a peripheral using standard parallel port protocol. The ECP Parallel Port Mode allows bi-directional data transfer using automatic interlocked handshaking via the ECP protocol. In addition to DMA support and 16-byte FIFOS, the ECP parallel port's advantages include run length encoded (RLE) decompression, channel addressing, and peer-to peer capability.



Looking for Serial Device Servers to Convert Your Standard Serial Peripherals for Ethernet Compatibility?

Get them from the reliable data communication company you can trust.

Ethernet is fast becoming the networking option of choice for industrial applications as it permits combining both data transfer and process control on a single LAN/WAN. However, most industrial applications use RS-232 or RS-422/485 serial devices that cannot be directly connected to a LAN. Serial Device Servers that provide native serial ports via an Ethernet-based interface using the TCP/IP protocol solve this problem.

In fact, many non-industrial serial-based applications, such as retail POS and banking, are also converting to Ethernet-based systems because using LAN connectivity with the TCP/IP protocol provides a low-cost, efficient method of installing, managing and maintaining a wide variety of serial devices.

Quatech’s line of Serial Device Servers includes one to sixteen port units for RS-232 and RS-422/485 configurations with DB9 or RJ45 ports. Our Serial Device Servers are designed with high-performance processors that contain a built-in web server that provides easy remote access to network management, port configuration, diagnostic and administrative functions.

Quatech drivers enable each port on the Serial Device Server to appear as a Native COM port to the host PC. This means that Quatech Serial Device Servers not only permit using existing serial equipment over an Ethernet LAN/WAN, they also enable doing it without rewriting any application software. Initially, driver support will be provided for Windows 2000/XP. Other drivers will be added as the line develops.

Quatech's Serial Device Server line is scheduled to begin production October 2002. The first units released will be four and eight versions for RS-232 and RS-422/485. In the following months, one, two, and sixteen port units will be released.

Preliminary specifications for these products are available online (see links below). If your next project requires Serial Device Servers, contact your Quatech sales representative today for an update on the release schedule and more detailed specifications.

Quatech Serial Device Servers are available in several configurations with DB-9 and RJ-45 ports for tabletop, rack-mount, and DIN rail use. We can also create custom units for OEMs with application-specific design requirements. Contact us for more details ( 1-800-6...)

USA Office

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PO Box 1280
Point Roberts, WA 98281

Western Canada - Vancouver BC

Tel:1.800.663.6001 or 1.604.925.6150
Address: 2454 Haywood Ave
West Vancouver, BC V7V 1Y1

Eastern Canada - Markham, Ontario

Tel:1.800.465.0164 or 1.905.513.7027